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Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies Market, 2017 - 2030

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    May 2017

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Example Insights

  1. Over 170 grid scale energy storage technologies (excluding PHES) are either commercially available and / or are under development across different regions worldwide. The energy storage technologies landscape is distributed across a variety of systems; these include mechanical energy (compressed air energy storage (CAES) and flywheels), chemical energy (power-to-gas), electrochemical energy (batteries), thermal energy (concentrated solar power (CSP) / molten salt energy storage) or electromagnetic energy (supercapacitors and superconducting magnetic energy storage).
  2. Specifically, battery energy storage systems are becoming quite popular; these are expected to witness a healthy growth in the future once the cost barriers are overcome. Over 60% of the players we identified during our study are focused on developing different types of batteries for grid scale applications. Examples include (in alphabetical order) ABB, AES Energy Storage, Bosch Energy Storage Solutions, Gildemeister Energy Solutions, Greensmith Energy, Hitachi, LG Chem, Lockheed Martin, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, NGK Insulators, Panasonic, S&C Electric Company, Saft, Samsung SDI, Sony Energy, Sumitomo Electric, Tesla Motors and Toshiba.
  3. At the same time, it is worth highlighting that concentrated solar power, molten salt energy storage (categorized as thermal energy storage) and compressed air energy storage are amongst relatively more established energy storage technologies. Specifically, thermal energy storage technologies have about 3 GW of installed capacity across the globe. Countries such as Spain (over 1 GW of capacity), the US (600 MW), Chile (over 480 MW) and India (over 200 MW) are leaders in this specific domain.
  4. Upcoming energy storage technologies such as flywheels, power-to-gas and ultracapacitors are also being explored for their applications at grid level. Such technologies are being developed by a large number of SMEs and start-ups. Examples of such companies working in these areas include Amber Kinetics, Beacon Power, Temporal Power and Teraloop (in flywheels); Areva, Electrochaea, H2 Energy Now, Heliocentris, Hydrogen Technologies and Hydrogenics (in power-to-gas); Ioxus and Nesscap (in ultracapacitors).
  5. Funding agencies have strongly backed the innovation. We identified over 250 instances of funding across 70 companies since 2000. The total amount invested has been close to USD 16 billion; of this, a staggering amount of USD 14.5 billion has been invested during the last ten years alone. Some of the companies that have raised capital in multiple funding rounds include (in order of number of instances) Plug Power, Superconductor Technologies, A123 Systems, Tesla Motors, Abengoa Solar, Boston-Power, Aquion Energy, BrightSource Energy, Fluidic Energy, Electrovaya, SolarReserve and Eos Energy Storage. Debt funding (USD 6.5 billion of the total amount raised) has been quite popular. In addition, several VC firms have supported the ongoing initiatives. Examples of prominent VC firms active in this area include (in alphabetical order) Khosla Ventures, North Bridge Venture Partners, Oak Investment Partners, Sequoia Capital, Total Energy Ventures, VantagePoint Capital Partners and Venrock Associates.
  6. Government organizations such as US Department of Energy, NSW Department of Environment, Department of Energy and Climate Change (UK) have also supported the initiatives of technology developers; over 70 instances of grants, with an encouraging value of USD 1.8 billion, have been recorded since 2000.
  7. Over the course of next decade, we expect the current installed capacity of 5.8 GW (excluding PHES) to grow at an annualized rate of 4.9% (till 2030). North America and Europe are currently the leading markets and this trend is likely to sustain in the long-term. Specific pockets of growth (in terms of technologies under development) include lithium-ion batteries, flow batteries, power-to-gas and flywheels.

Overview

It is predicted that the global economy will increase by three-folds between now and 2050. This, in turn, is likely to result in increased energy demands.According to Enerdata Energy Statistical Yearbook 2016, electricity demand has more than doubled between 1990 and 2015 to reach 20,568 TWh. This demand is projected to grow even further; in fact, by 2035, the growth is expected to be in the range of 69% to 81%. As the global economy aims for energy security, renewable energy sources such as solar and wind are expected to hold a key position in the future. However, a major constraint with such renewable sources is that energy is generated with a highly variable output in an intermittent manner. Therefore, the surplus energy is required to be stored so that it can be supplied during non-optimal generation periods such as at night time or when the wind is not blowing. Storage at a large scale has remained a major challenge; however, several developments have taken place in this domain and efforts are being made towards their feasible commercial deployments.

A variety of grid scale energy storage technologies are known to the industry and can be broadly categorized based on the type of energy being stored. Pumped hydro energy storage (PHES) is a well-established energy storage technique; however, because of known challenges, various other energy storage techniques, backed by public and private lending, have surfaced over the last decade. For a market such as energy storage, which is linked to the economy of a country, initiatives related to policy decisions and mass awareness play a key role in the growth. Some countries have introduced reforms / amendments in the policies to encourage the market for energy storage, while others are still debating on it. The White House Summit 2016 is a recent example of such initiatives. At the summit, a range of utility, industry and government storage commitments were highlighted to signify the importance of this subject. Post this, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) started working on re-evaluating some of the policies to encourage energy storage in the US.

At the time of release of this study, policies favoring renewable energy over other sources were in place in about 50 countries. The common theme across these policies is priority dispatch of electricity from renewable sources, special feed-in tariffs, quota obligations for renewable energy and energy tax exemptions. In addition, legal bindings / agreements, such as COP21, to tackle climate change are encouraging the use of renewable energy, which, in turn, is likely to drive the energy storage industry.

 

Scope of the Report

The Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies Market, 2017-2030 report provides a comprehensive analysis of the current market landscape and a detailed future outlook of the large scale energy storage technologies. The study highlights various energy storage technologies that are currently commercially available or are under development. These technologies can be classified as mechanical energy storage, chemical energy storage, electrochemical energy storage, thermal energy storage or electromagnetic energy storage technologies. The industry has long revolved around pumped hydro energy storage, which currently contributes close to 95% of the global energy storage capacity. However, several geographical and environmental constraints associated with it are likely to limit its growth in the long term. As a result, stakeholders have developed / are developing novel energy storage technologies to overcome the limitations of conventional systems. The primary focus of this study is on these novel / upcoming energy storage technologies, including different types of battery storage, compressed air energy storage, concentrated solar power / molten salt energy storage, flywheel energy storage and power-to-gas energy storage.

The study provides a holistic coverage of the developments that are impacting the current energy storage setup and are likely to drive significant changes in energy management approaches in the long term. We were able to identify close to 170 energy storage technologies (excluding PHES) segmented across aforementioned categories. In addition to other elements, the study elaborates on the following:

  • The current status of the market with respect to key players / technologies along with information on rated power, energy, duration / discharge time of the technologies and geographical location of the companies.
  • Comprehensive profiles of some of the upcoming players under each energy storage category, covering details on the current focus of the companies, their specific energy storage technologies and associated recent developments / initiatives.
  • Various investments and grants received by companies focused in this area to support their R&D activities, a key enabler that will continue to drive developments in the long term. In addition, respective governments have taken encouraging policy decisions, which have provided positive outlook to the energy storage industry.
  • A case study on pumped hydro energy storage, where we have provided information on the plants that are currently operational as well as the ones expected to be operational in the near future. In addition, we have highlighted the historical trends that are likely to govern the future evolution.
  • Key drivers and restraints for the growth of the grid scale energy storage market. Factors such as rising adoption of renewable energy sources, limitations of conventional energy storage systems and high electricity charges are likely to fuel the demand of energy storage systems.
  • Potential future growth of the grid scale energy storage market (both in terms of installed capacity and expected revenue generation) across different technologies (CSP / molten salt energy storage, compressed air energy storage, lithium-ion batteries, lead acid batteries, flow batteries, flywheel energy storage, power-to-gas energy storage and other upcoming technologies). We have taken into account the levelized cost of energy storage to determine revenues for different energy storage technologies. The report covers forecast (till 2030) for the global as well as specific regional markets (North America, Europe, Asia and Rest of World) in terms of installed capacity. It also includes individual forecasts  on the installed capacity in specific countries, including the US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the UK, Ireland, China, India, Japan, South Africa, South Korea, Chile and Morocco, that are poised to witness healthy growth in the short-midterm and long term.

Our opinions and insights presented in this study were influenced by discussions conducted with several key players in this domain. The report features detailed transcripts of interviews held with Anoop Mathur (CTO and Founder, Terrafore Technologies), Camilo Lopez Tobar (Business Development Manager, Electrochaea), Dr. Markus Ostermeier (Product Development Manager, Electrochaea), Eric Murray (President and CEO, Temporal Power), Itai Karelic (Vice President Business Development, EnStorage), John McCleod (Vice President Engineering, ZincNyx Energy Solutions) and Suresh Singh (President and CEO, ZincNyx Energy Solutions), Nicolas Velasco (Commercial Director, Albufera Energy Storage), Rainer Grumann (Vice President Sales, Heliocentris), Sonya Davidson (President and CEO, H2 Energy Now), and Tom Stepien (CEO and Co-founder, Primus Power).

Contents

Chapter 2  provides an executive summary of the insights captured in our study. The summary offers a high level view on the likely evolution of energy storage market, with a special focus on technologies that are meant for large scale storage applications.

Chapter 3  is an introductory chapter on energy storage technologies. It focuses on various renewable energy sources and their current status in terms of their contribution to the overall energy generation. In addition, the chapter provides information on various challenges being faced by the energy sector, highlighting the unmet need and how energy storage can revolutionize the market. We have briefly discussed different types of energy storage technologies and their applications at the grid level.

Chapter 4  identifies the energy storage technologies that have been developed / are under development by different companies. It provides information on rated power, energy capacity and duration / discharge time. The technologies have been classified on the basis of the type of stored energy (mechanical, electrochemical, chemical, thermal or electromagnetic). The classification system mentioned in this chapter helps develop a deeper understanding of the market. In addition, we have identified various trends in the industry that are likely to govern the future of energy storage industry.

Chapter 5  features a detailed discussion on a number of factors that act as drivers or barriers to the growth of energy storage market. It describes the increasing trend towards the use of renewables over the past few years due to initiatives being taken by the government bodies, constantly rising prices of electricity and high demand charges.

Chapter 6  provides a detailed review of mechanical energy storage technologies. It includes profiles of upcoming players in this domain that are in the process of developing / deploying their compressed air energy storage or flywheel energy storage technologies. The profiles cover information about the company, details on their specific technology and recent developments / future plans with respect to the energy storage industry.

Chapter 7  reviews chemical energy storage technologies, which store energy in the form of hydrogen gas. The technology is also known as power-to-gas energy storage, and we have presented profiles of some of the upcoming players in this area, covering information about the company, details on their specific energy storage technology and recent developments / future plans with respect to the energy storage industry.

Chapter 8  provides a detailed review of electrochemical energy storage technologies, including a wide variety of batteries such as lithium-ion, lead acid, flow batteries and sodium based batteries. It presents profiles of some of the upcoming players that have developed / are developing these technologies covering information about the company, details on their specific battery storage technology and recent developments / future plans with respect to the energy storage industry.

Chapter 9  reviews thermal energy storage technologies, which primarily include concentrated solar power / molten salt energy storage technologies. The chapter presents profiles of some of the upcoming players in this area, covering information about the company, details on their specific energy storage technology and recent developments / future plans with respect to the energy storage industry.

Chapter 10  provides a detailed review of energy storage technologies other than the ones mentioned in Chapters 6, 7, 8 and 9. These include superconducting magnetic energy storage technologies and the use of ultracapacitors / supercapacitors as energy storage systems. We have presented profiles of some of the players in this area covering information about the company and details on their specific energy storage technologies.

Chapter 11  is acase study on pumped hydro energy storage technology. It highlights the key advantages and constraints of pumped hydro energy storage technology. It features information on currently operational pumped hydro storage plants across the globe and specific energy storage trends across different regions. The chapter also provides a list of upcoming pumped hydro storage plants.

Chapter 12  provides information on several funding instances that have driven innovations in this industry. Our analysis reveals interesting insights on the growing interest of venture capitalists and other stakeholders in this market.

Chapter 13  presents a detailed 14 year forecast highlighting the future potential of grid scale energy storage technologies. The forecast, which estimates the market opportunity (both in terms of value and installed capacity) across various types of energy storage technologies (CSP / molten salt, CAES, batteries (lithium-ion, lead acid and flow batteries), flywheels and power-to-gas), is backed by robust secondary research and inputs gathered from senior stakeholders via primary research. The analysis also highlights the relative growth opportunity across various regions across the globe (Asia, Europe, North America and Rest of World) in terms of installed energy storage capacity. Within these regions, we have provided forecasts for individual countries that currently have or are likely to have an impact on the overall energy storage industry in the future.

Chapter 14  is a collection of transcripts of interviews conducted with key players during the course of this study. We have presented the details of our discussions with Anoop Mathur (CTO and Founder, Terrafore Technologies), Camilo Lopez Tobar (Business Development Manager, Electrochaea), Dr. Markus Ostermeier (Product Development Manager, Electrochaea), Eric Murray (President and CEO, Temporal Power), Itai Karelic (Vice President Business Development, EnStorage), John McCleod (Vice President Engineering, ZincNyx Energy Solutions) and Suresh Singh (President and CEO, ZincNyx Energy Solutions), Nicolas Velasco (Commercial Director, Albufera Energy Storage), Rainer Grumann (Vice President Sales, Heliocentris), Sonya Davidson (President and CEO, H2 Energy Now), and Tom Stepien (CEO and Co-founder, Primus Power)..

Chapter 15  summarizes the overall report. In this chapter, we have provided a recap of the key takeaways and an independent future outlook based on the research and analysis described in earlier chapters.

Chapter 16  is an appendix, which provides tabulated data and numbers for all the figures provided in the report.

Chapter 17  is an appendix, which provides a list of companies and organizations mentioned in the report.

Table of Contents

1. PREFACE
1.1. Scope of the Report
1.2. Research Methodology
1.3. Chapter Outlines
 
2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
3. INTRODUCTION
3.1. Context and Background
3.2. Major Energy Sources Being Exploited for Generating Electricity
3.2.1. Solar Energy
3.2.2. Wind Energy
3.2.3. Geothermal Energy
3.2.4. Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cells
3.2.5. Hydroelectric Energy
3.2.6. Tidal Energy
3.2.7. Wave Energy
3.2.8. Biomass Energy
3.2.9. Nuclear Energy
3.2.10. Fossil Fuels
 
3.3. Major Challenges Faced by the Energy Sector
3.3.1. Ever Increasing Energy Demand Leading to Energy Insecurity
3.3.2. Overdependence on Fossils as the Primary Energy Source
3.3.3. Rising Carbon Dioxide Emissions Resulting in Climate Changes
3.3.4. Massive Urbanization
3.3.5. Introduction to Energy Storage
3.3.6. Energy Storage Technologies
3.3.6.1. Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies
3.3.6.1.1. Pumped Hydro Energy Storage (PHES)
3.3.6.1.2. Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
3.3.6.1.3. Flywheel Energy Storage (FES)
 
3.3.6.2. Electrochemical Energy Storage
3.3.6.2.1. Lead-Acid Batteries
3.3.6.2.2. Nickel-Cadmium / Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries
3.3.6.2.3. Lithium-Ion Batteries
3.3.6.2.4. Sodium Sulfur Batteries
3.3.6.2.5. Copper (Cu) / Zinc (Zn) Batteries
3.3.6.2.6. Flow Batteries
 
3.3.6.3. Chemical Energy Storage
3.3.6.3.1. Power-to-Gas Energy Storage
 
3.3.6.4. Thermal Energy Storage
3.3.6.4.1. Pumped Heat Energy Storage
3.3.6.4.2. Liquid Air Energy Storage (LAES)
3.3.6.4.3. Concentrated Solar Power and Molten Salt Energy Storage
 
3.3.6.5. Electromagnetic Energy Storage
3.3.6.5.1. Supercapacitors
3.3.6.5.2. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES)
 
3.3.7. Energy Storage Technologies: Primary Applications
 
4. CURRENT MARKET LANDSCAPE
4.1. Chapter Overview
4.2. Grid Scale Energy Storage: List of Technologies
4.3. Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Type of Storage
4.4. Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Rated Power
4.5. Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Duration / Discharge Time
4.6. Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Year of Establishment
4.7. Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Size
4.8. Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Location of Headquarters
 
5. KEY MARKET DRIVERS AND RESTRAINTS
5.1. Chapter Overview
5.2. Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Key Drivers
5.2.1. Rapidly Increasing Adoption of Renewables / Clean Energy Methods
5.2.2. Encouraging Initiatives by Government Bodies
5.2.3. Constantly Rising Electricity Prices
5.2.4. Limitations of Conventional Energy Storage Systems
5.2.5. High Demand Charges
 
5.3. Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Key Restraints
5.3.1. High Capital Costs
5.3.2. Policy / Regulatory and Market Barriers
5.3.3. Commercialization and Licensing Barriers
 
6. MECHANICAL ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
6.1. Chapter Overview
6.2. Compressed Air Energy Storage Technologies
6.2.1. Dresser-Rand
6.2.1.1. Company Overview
6.2.1.2. Financial Information
6.2.1.3. Technology
6.2.1.4. Recent Developments
 
6.2.2. LightSail Energy
6.2.2.1. Company Overview
6.2.2.2. Financial Information
6.2.2.3. Technology
6.2.2.4. Recent Developments
 
6.3. Flywheel Energy Storage Technologies
6.3.1. Amber Kinetics
6.3.1.1. Company Overview
6.3.1.2. Financial Information
6.3.1.3. Technology
6.3.1.4. Recent Developments
 
6.3.2. Temporal Power
6.3.2.1. Company Overview
6.3.2.2. Financial Information
6.3.2.3. Technology
6.3.2.4. Recent Developments
 
7. CHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
7.1. Chapter Overview
7.2. Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Technologies
7.2.1. Electrochaea
7.2.1.1. Company Overview
7.2.1.2. Financial Information
7.2.1.3. Technology
7.2.1.4. Recent Developments
 
7.2.2. H2 Energy Now
7.2.2.1. Company Overview
7.2.2.2. Financial Information
7.2.2.3. Technology
7.2.2.4. Recent Developments
 
7.2.3. ITM Power
7.2.3.1. Company Overview
7.2.3.2. Financial Information
7.2.3.3. Technology
7.2.3.4. Recent Developments
 
8. ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
8.1. Chapter Overview
8.2. Lithium-Ion Batteries
8.2.1. A123 Systems
8.2.1.1. Company Overview
8.2.1.2. Financial Information
8.2.1.3. Technology
8.2.1.4. Recent Developments
 
8.2.2. Boston-Power
8.2.2.1. Company Overview
8.2.2.2. Financial Information
8.2.2.3. Technology
8.2.2.4. Recent Developments
 
8.3. Flow Batteries
8.3.1. EnStorage
8.3.1.1. Company Overview
8.3.1.2. Financial Information
8.3.1.3. Technology
8.3.1.4. Recent Developments
 
8.3.2. Primus Power
8.3.2.1. Company Overview
8.3.2.2. Financial Information
8.3.2.3. Technology
8.3.2.4. Recent Developments
 
8.4. Lead Acid Batteries
8.4.1. Axion Power
8.4.1.1. Company Overview
8.4.1.2. Financial Information
8.4.1.3. Technology
8.4.1.4. Recent Developments
 
8.4.2. Exide
8.4.2.1. Company Overview
8.4.2.2. Financial Information
8.4.2.3. Technology
8.4.2.4. Recent Developments
 
9. THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
9.1. Chapter Overview
9.2. Liquid Air Energy Storage Technologies
9.2.1. Highview Power Storage
9.2.1.1. Company Overview
9.2.1.2. Financial Information
9.2.1.3. Technology
9.2.1.4. Recent Developments
 
9.3. Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Technologies
9.3.1. Novatec Solar
9.3.1.1. Company Overview
9.3.1.2. Financial Information
9.3.1.3. Technology
9.3.1.4. Recent Developments
 
9.3.2. Terrafore Technologies
9.3.2.1. Company Overview
9.3.2.2. Technology
9.3.2.3. Recent Developments
 
10. OTHER ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
10.1. Chapter Overview
10.2. Advanced Rail Energy Storage (ARES)
10.2.1. Company Overview
10.2.2. Technology
10.2.3. Recent Developments
 
10.3. Sylfen
10.3.1. Company Overview
10.3.2. Technology
10.3.3. Recent Developments
 
11. CASE IN POINT: PUMPED HYDRO ENERGY STORAGE
11.1. Chapter Overview
11.2. The Concept of Pumped Hydro Energy Storage
11.2.1. Open Loop Pumped Hydro Storage
11.2.2. Closed Loop Pumped Hydro Storage
11.3. Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Key Benefits
11.4. Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Major Drawbacks
11.5. List of Pumped Hydro Storage Plants
11.6. Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Distribution by Commissioning Year
11.7. Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Distribution by Location
11.8. Pumped Hydro Storage: Upcoming Projects
 
12. CAPITAL INVESTMENTS AND FUNDING
12.1. Chapter Overview
12.2. Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Funding Instances (2000-2017)
12.3. Funding Instances: Distribution of Funding Instances by Year (2000-2017)
12.4. Funding Instances: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Funding
12.5. Funding Instances: Distribution by Funding Instances Type of Technology
12.6. Leading Grid Scale Energy Storage Technology Developers: Evaluation by Number of Funding Instances
 
13. MARKET FORECAST
13.1. Chapter Overview
13.2. Forecast Methodology and Key Assumptions
13.3. Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market
13.3.1. Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.3.2. Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.4. Global Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market
13.4.1. Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.4.2. Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.5. Global Compressed Air Energy Storage Market
13.5.1. Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.5.2. Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.6. Global Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market
13.6.1. Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.6.2. Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.7. Global Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market
13.7.1. Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.7.2. Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.8. Global Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market
13.8.1. Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.8.2. Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.9. Global Flywheels Energy Storage Market
13.9.1. Flywheels Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.9.2. Flywheels Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.10. Global Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market
13.10.1. Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.10.2. Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.11. Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market
13.11.1. Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, 2017-2030 (By Value)
13.11.2. Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, 2017-2030 (By Capacity)
 
13.12. Regional Energy Storage Capacities
13.12.1. Energy Storage Capacity in North America, 2017-2030
13.12.1.1. Energy Storage Capacity in the US, 2017-2030
13.12.1.2. Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, 2017- 2030
 
13.12.2. Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, 2017-2030
13.12.2.1. Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, 2017-2030
13.12.2.2. Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, 2017-2030
13.12.2.3. Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, 2017-2030
13.12.2.4. Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, 2017-2030
13.12.2.5. Energy Storage Capacity in France, 2017-2030
13.12.2.6. Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, 2017-2030
13.12.2.7. Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, 2017-2030
 
13.12.3. Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, 2017-2030
13.12.3.1. Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, 2017-2030
13.12.3.2. Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, 2017-2030
13.12.3.3. Energy Storage Capacity in India, 2017-2030
13.12.3.4. Energy Storage Capacity in China, 2017-2030
13.12.3.5. Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, 2017-2030
 
13.12.4. Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, 2017-2030
13.12.4.1. Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, 2017-2030
13.12.4.2. Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, 2017-2030
13.12.4.3. Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, 2017-2030
13.12.4.4. Energy Storage Capacity in Other Countries, 2017-2030
 
14. INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS
14.1. Chapter Overview
14.2. Anoop Mathur, CTO and Founder, Terrafore Technologies
14.3. Camilo Lopez Tobar, Business Development Manager and Dr. Markus Ostermeier, Product Development Manager, Electrochaea
14.4. Eric Murray, President and CEO, Temporal Power
14.5. Itai Karelic, Vice President Business Development, EnStorage
14.6. John McLeod, Vice President Engineering and Suresh Singh, President and CEO ZincNyx Energy Solutions
14.7. Nicolas Velasco, Director Commercial, Albufera Energy Storage
14.8. Rainer Grumann, Vice President Sales, Heliocentris
14.9. Sonya Davidson, President and CEO, H2 Energy Now
14.10. Tom Stepien, CEO and Co-Founder, Primus Power
 
15. CONCLUSION
15.1. Large Scale Energy Storage Holds Significant Promise in the Future of Energy Industry
15.2. Relatively Novel Technologies Such as Flywheels, Power-To-Gas and Ultracapacitors are Expected to Gain Recognition in the Long Term
15.3. Specifically, a Variety of Battery Storage Solutions Have Become Highly Popular; Lithium-ion Batteries Have Been the Key Focus
15.4. Encouraging Initiatives by the Governments in Terms of Policy Making / Regulatory Decisions are Likely to Drive the Market
15.5. Start-ups, Backed by Venture Capital Investors, are Driving Technological Innovation in The Market
15.6. Once the Cost Barriers are Broken, Healthy Growth is Likely to Occur in the Long Term
 
16. APPENDIX 1: TABULATED DATA
 
17. APPENDIX 2: LIST OF COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS

List of Figures

Figure 3.1  Global Primary Energy Production, 2000-2015 (Mtoe)
Figure 3.2  Global Electricity Production vs Consumption, 2001-2015 (Percentage Growth)
Figure 3.3  Sources for Electricity Production: Percentage Contribution (2014)
Figure 3.4  Electricity Production from Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Resources: Percentage Contribution, 2000-2015
Figure 3.5  Global CO2 Emissions, 2000-2014 (GtCO2)
Figure 3.6  Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Distribution by Economic Sectors, 2014 (GtCO2eq)
Figure 3.7  Rising Global Temperature (World Map Representation), 1885-94 and 2005-14 Scenarios
Figure 3.8  Impact of Urbanization on Energy Demands
Figure 4.1  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Type of Storage
Figure 4.2  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Rated Power
Figure 4.3  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Duration / Discharge Time
Figure 4.4  Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Year of Establishment (Cumulative Number)
Figure 4.5  Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Size
Figure 4.6  Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Location of Headquarters
Figure 5.1  Energy Storage Market: Key Drivers and Restraints
Figure 6.1  Dresser-Rand: Revenues, USD Million (2009-2013)
Figure 8.1 Axion Power: Revenues, USD Million (2011-2015)
Figure 8.2 Exide Technologies: Revenues, USD Million (2010-2014)
Figure 11.1  Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Distribution by Commissioning Year
Figure 12.1  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Year, 2000-2017
Figure 12.2  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Amount  Invested Per Year (USD Million), 2000-2017
Figure 12.3  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Funding, 2000-2017
Figure 12.4  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Funding and Amount Invested (USD Million), 2000-2017
Figure 12.5  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Technology and Amount Invested (USD Million), 2000-2017
Figure 12.6  Leading Grid Scale Energy Storage Technology Providers: Evaluation by Number of Funding Instances
Figure 13.1  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.2  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.3  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.4  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.5  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.6  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.7  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.8  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.9  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.10  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.12  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.12  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.13  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.14  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.15  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.16  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.17  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.18  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.19  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.20  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.21  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.22  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.23  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.24  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.25  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.26  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.27  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.28  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.29  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.30  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.31  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.32  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.33  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.34  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Figure 13.35  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.36  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.37  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.38  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.39  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.40  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.41  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.42  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.43  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.44  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.45  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.46  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.47  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.48  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.49  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.50  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.51  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.52  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.53  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.54  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.55  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.56  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.57  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.58  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.59  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.60  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Long Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.61  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.62  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.63  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.64  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.65  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.66  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.67  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.68  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.69  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.70  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (MW)
Figure 13.71  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.72  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.73  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.74  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.75  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.76  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.77  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.78  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.79  Energy Storage Capacity in Other Countries, Short-Midterm (2017-2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 13.80  Energy Storage Capacity in Other Countries, Long-Term (2023-2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Figure 15.1  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Comparative Evolution Scenarios, 2017, 2023 and 2030 (GW and USD Billion)

List of Tables

Table 3.1  Energy Storage Technologies: Primary Applications
Table 4.1  Grid Scale Energy Storage: List of Technologies
Table 4.2  Energy Storage: List of Additional Companies
Table 5.1  Renewable Power Capacity Additions: 2014 and 2015 Scenarios
Table 5.2  Energy Storage Capital Costs: US DOE Targets
Table 6.1  Dresser-Rand: Executive Team
Table 6.2  LightSail Energy: Executive Team
Table 6.3  LightSail Energy: Funding Instances
Table 6.4  Amber Kinetics: Executive Team
Table 6.5  Amber Kinetics: Funding Instances
Table 6.6  Temporal Power: Executive Team
Table 6.7  Temporal Power: Funding Instances
Table 7.1  Electrochaea: Executive Team
Table 7.2  Electrochaea: Funding Instances
Table 7.3 ITM Power: Executive Team
Table 7.4 ITM Power: Funding Instances
Table 8.1  A123 Systems: Executive Team
Table 8.2  A123 Systems: Funding Instances
Table 8.3  Boston-Power: Executive Team
Table 8.4  Boston-Power: Funding Instances
Table 8.5  EnStorage: Executive Team
Table 8.6  EnStorage: Funding Instances
Table 8.8  Primus Power: Executive Team
Table 8.9  Primus Power: Funding Instances
Table 8.10 Axion Power: Executive Team
Table 8.11 Exide: Executive Team
Table 9.1  Highview Power Storage: Executive Team
Table 9.2  Highview Power Storage: Funding Instances
Table 9.3 Novatec Solar: Executive Team
Table 9.4 Novatec Solar: Funding Instances
Table 10.1  ARES: Executive Team
Table 10.2 Sylfen: Executive Team
Table 11.1  List of Pumped Hydro Energy Storage Plants
Table 11.2  Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Distribution by Location
Table 11.3  Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Upcoming Projects
Table 12.1  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: List of Funding Instances and Investors Involved
Table 12.2  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Types of Funding Instances
Table 13.1  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Estimated Installed Capacities, Global Data (2016, 2022)
Table 13.2  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Levelized Cost of Storage (2016, 2030)
Table 13.3  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Duration / Discharge Time (2016, 2030)
Table 13.4  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Estimated Installed Capacities, Regional Data (2016, 2022)
Table 16.1  Global Primary Energy Production, 2000-2015 (Mtoe)
Table 16.2  Global Electricity Production vs Consumption, 2001-2015
Table 16.3  Electricity Production from Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Resources: Percentage Contribution, 2000-2015
Table 16.4  Global CO2 Emissions, 2000-2014 (GtCO2)
Table 16.5  Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Distribution by Economic Sectors, 2014
Table 16.6  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Type of Energy 
Table 16.7  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Rated Power
Table 16.8  Grid Scale Energy Storage Technologies: Distribution by Duration / Discharge Time
Table 16.9  Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Cumulative Number Distribution by Year of Establishment
Table 16.10  Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Year of Establishment
Table 16.11  Grid Scale Energy Storage Companies: Distribution by Location of Headquarters
Table 16.12  Dresser-Rand: Revenues, USD Million (2009-2013)
Table 16.13 Axion Power: Revenues, USD Million (2011-2015)
Table 16.14 Exide Technologies: Revenues, USD Million (2010-2014)
Table 16.15  Pumped Hydro Storage Plants: Distribution by Commissioning Year
Table 16.16  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Year, 2000-2017
Table 16.17  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Amount 
Table 16.18 Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Funding, 2000-2017
Table 16.19  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Funding and Amount Invested (USD Million)
Table 16.20  Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Distribution of Funding Instances by Type of Technology and Amount Invested, 2000-2017 (USD Million)
Table 16.21  Leading Grid Scale Energy Storage Technology Providers: Evaluation by Number of Funding Instances
Table 16.22  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.23  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.24  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.25  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.26  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.27  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.28  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.29  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.30  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.31  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.32  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.33  Overall Grid Scale Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.34  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.35  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.36  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.37  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.38  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.39  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.40  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.41  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.42  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.43  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.44  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.45  Concentrated Solar Power / Molten Salt Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.46  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.47  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.48  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.49  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.50  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.51  Compressed Air Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.52  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.53  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.54  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.55  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.56  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.57  Compressed Air Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.58  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.59  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.60  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.61  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.62  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.63  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.64  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.65  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.66  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.67  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.68  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.69  Lithium-ion Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.70  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.71  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.72  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.73  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.74  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.75  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.76  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.77  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.78  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.79  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.80  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.81  Lead Acid Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.82  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.83  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.84  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.85  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.86  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.87  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.88  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.89  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.90  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.91  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.92  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.93  Flow Batteries Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.94  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.95  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.96  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.97  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.98  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.99  Flywheels Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.100  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.101  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.102  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.103  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.104  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.105  Flywheels Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.106  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.107  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.108  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.109  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.110  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.111  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.112  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.113  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.114  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.115  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.116  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.117  Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.118  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.119  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.120  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.121  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.122  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.123  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Market, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (USD Billion)
Table 16.124  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.125  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.126  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.127  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Long-Term (2023 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.128  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.129  Other Upcoming Energy Storage Technologies Capacity, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.130  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.131  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.132  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.133  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.134  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.135  Energy Storage Capacity in North America, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.136  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.137  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.138  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.139  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.140  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.141  Energy Storage Capacity in the US, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.142  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.143  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.144  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.145  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.146  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.147  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of North America, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.148  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.149  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.150  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.151  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.152  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.153  Energy Storage Capacity in Europe, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.154  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.155  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.156  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.157  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.158  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.159  Energy Storage Capacity in Spain, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.160  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.161  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.162  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.163  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.164  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.165  Energy Storage Capacity in Germany, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.166  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.167  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.168  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.169  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.170  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.171  Energy Storage Capacity in the UK, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.172  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.173  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.174  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.175  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.176  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.177  Energy Storage Capacity in France, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.178  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.179  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.180  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.181  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.182  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.183  Energy Storage Capacity in Italy, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.184  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.185  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.186  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.187  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.188  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.189  Energy Storage Capacity in Ireland, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.190  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.191  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.192  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.193  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.194  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.195  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Europe, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.196  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.197  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.198  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.199  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.200  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.201  Energy Storage Capacity in Asia, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.202  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.203  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.204  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.205  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.206  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.207  Energy Storage Capacity in South Korea, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.208  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.209  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.210  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.211  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.212  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.213  Energy Storage Capacity in Japan, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.214  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.215  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.216  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.217  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.218  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.219  Energy Storage Capacity in India, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.220  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.221  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.222  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.223  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.224  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.225  Energy Storage Capacity in China, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.226  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.227  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.228  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.229  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.230  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.231  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of Asia, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.232  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.233  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.234  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.235  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.236  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.237  Energy Storage Capacity in Rest of World, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.238  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.239  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.240  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.241  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.242  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.243  Energy Storage Capacity in Chile, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.244  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.245  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.246  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.247  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.248  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.249  Energy Storage Capacity in Morocco, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.250  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.251  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.252  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.253  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.254  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.255  Energy Storage Capacity in South Africa, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.256  Energy Storage Capacity in Remaining Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.257  Energy Storage Capacity in Remaining Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.258  Energy Storage Capacity in Remaining Rest of World, Short-Midterm (2017 – 2023): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.259  Energy Storage Capacity in Remaining Rest of World, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Base Scenario (GW)
Table 16.260  Energy Storage Capacity in Remaining Rest of World, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Conservative Scenario (GW)
Table 16.261  Energy Storage Capacity in Remaining Rest of World, Long-Term (2023 – 2030): Optimistic Scenario (GW)
Table 16.262 Grid Scale Energy Storage Market: Comparative Evolution Scenarios, 2017, 2023 and 2030 (GW and USD Billion)

Listed Companies

  1. 3M Company
  2. A123 Systems
  3. Aabar Investments
  4. ABB
  5. Abengoa Solar
  6. ACCIONA Energy
  7. Acta
  8. Active Power
  9. Advanced Emission Solutions (ADES)
  10. Advanced Technology Ventures (ATV)
  11. Aegis Capital
  12. AES Energy Storage
  13. African Development Bank
  14. Air Liquide
  15. Airlight Energy
  16. Alacaes
  17. Alberta Innovates Energy and Environment Solutions (AI-EES)
  18. Albufera Energy Storage
  19. Alevo
  20. Alliance Bernstein
  21. Alliance Capital Management
  22. Almi Invest
  23. Alstom
  24. Altenergy
  25. Altair Nanotechnologies
  26. Amber Kinetics
  27. American BIRD Foundation
  28. American Electric Power
  29. American Hydro Corporation
  30. Amperex Technology
  31. ANDRITZ HYDRO
  32. Angeleno Group
  33. Anglo American Platinum
  34. Aquion Energy
  35. ArcTern Ventures
  36. Arenko Cleantech
  37. ARES
  38. Areva
  39. Argonne National Laboratory
  40. Ashlawn Energy
  41. Asia Climate Partners
  42. Aspire Capital Fund
  43. AusIndustry
  44. Australian Federal Government Advanced Electricity Storage Technologies
  45. Autodesk
  46. Axion Power
  47. Banesto
  48. Bankinvest Group
  49. BattCo Energy Storage Systems
  50. BBC
  51. Beacon Power
  52. Beckett Energy Systems
  53. BeVault
  54. Black River
  55. BlueRun Ventures
  56. BMO Capital Markets and Scotiabank
  57. BNP Paribas
  58. The BOC Group
  59. Bosch Energy Storage Solutions
  60. Boston-Power
  61. BP Alternative Energy
  62. BP Technology Ventures
  63. BP Ventures
  64. Bright Capital
  65. Bright Energy Storage
  66. BrightSource Energy
  67. Brock Capital Group
  68. BYD
  69. Caja Madrid
  70. CalBatt
  71. Caliza Holding
  72. Calmac
  73. CalSTRS
  74. Calyon
  75. Canaan Partners
  76. Capital One
  77. Capricorn Investment Group
  78. CapX Partners
  79. Carlyle Group
  80. Carruth Management
  81. CentrePoint Ventures
  82. Chevron Technology Ventures
  83. China Aviation Lithium Battery
  84. China Southern Power Grid (CSG)
  85. Chrysalix Energy Venture Capital
  86. CIBC
  87. CIT Financial
  88. Citi Alternative Investments
  89. CKD
  90. Climate Change and Water
  91. CMEA Ventures
  92. CODA Energy
  93. Compass Venture Partners
  94. Conoco Phillips
  95. Constellation Technology Ventures
  96. Credit Suisse's Customized Fund Investment Group
  97. Cumulus Energy Storage
  98. DaimlerChrysler Venture
  99. Danfoss
  100. Danish Maritime Fund
  101. Davidson Investments
  102. DBL Partners
  103. Detroit Edison
  104. Deutshe Bank
  105. Development Bank of South Africa
  106. Dexia Sabadell
  107. DFJ Ventures
  108. DNS Capital
  109. Dominion Generation
  110. Dongfang Electrical Machinery
  111. Doosan
  112. Dresser-Rand
  113. Dynapower
  114. E.ON
  115. Eagle Picher
  116. EATON
  117. EC Power
  118. Ecoult
  119. Electrochaea
  120. Electrovaya
  121. Element 8
  122. Element Partners
  123. Emerging Power
  124. Enbridge Emerging Technology
  125. Encell
  126. Enel
  127. EnerDel
  128. Energinet.dk
  129. Energy Capital Partners
  130. Energy Made Clean
  131. Energy Renaissance
  132. Energy Storage and Power Corporation
  133. Energy Storage
  134. Energy Storage Systems
  135. Energy Technologies Institute
  136. EnergyNest
  137. EnerSys
  138. EnerVault
  139. EnStorage
  140. EnSync Energy Systems
  141. Eos Energy Storage
  142. Escher-Wyss
  143. Espirito Santo Ventures
  144. EV Grid
  145. Exelon
  146. Exide
  147. FA Technology Ventures
  148. FIAMM
  149. First Solar
  150. Fisher Brothers
  151. Fjord Capital Partners
  152. Flexible Capital Fund
  153. Fluidic Energy
  154. Focus First
  155. Foundation Asset Management
  156. Foundation Capital
  157. FRENELL
  158. Furukawa Electric
  159. Gabriel Venture Partners
  160. GAIA Akkumulatorenwerke
  161. GCL-Poly Energy Holdings
  162. General Compression
  163. General Electric (GE)
  164. Generate Capital
  165. Gentry Venture Partners
  166. German Federal Ministry for Environment
  167. Gildemeister Energy Solutions
  168. Goldman Sachs
  169. Good Energies
  170. Google
  171. Granite Global Venture
  172. Graphite Energy
  173. Green Charge
  174. Greener Capital
  175. Greensmith Energy
  176. Greylock Partners
  177. Gridflex Energy
  178. GRP Partners
  179. Grupo ECOS
  180. GS Yuasa
  181. GSR Ventures
  182. GXP Investments
  183. H2
  184. H2 Energy Now
  185. Harbin Electric Machinery
  186. Hawaiian Electric and Energy Excelerator
  187. Heatric
  188. Hercules Capital
  189. Highview Power Storage
  190. Hitachi
  191. HOPPECKE
  192. Horizon
  193. Hydroenergo
  194. Hydrogen Technologies
  195. Hydrogenics
  196. Hydrostor
  197. I2BF Global Ventures
  198. Iberdrola
  199. IDEAS Managed Fund
  200. Imperial Innovations
  201. Indiana Advanced Energy Technologies Program (AETP)
  202. Industrial Development Corporation
  203. ING
  204. Innovacorp
  205. Innovate UK
  206. International Finance Corporation
  207. Interros
  208. Intikon Energy
  209. Invesco Perpetual
  210. Ioxus
  211. Isentropic
  212. ITM Power
  213. JLM Energy
  214. JP Morgan
  215. K Road DG
  216. KEMA-DNV
  217. Kensani Capital Investments
  218. Keuka Energy
  219. KfW
  220. Khosla Ventures
  221. KiWi Power
  222. Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers
  223. Kokam
  224. Kværner
  225. Ladenburg Thalmann
  226. Ladesbank
  227. Laurentian Bank of Canada
  228. Leclanché
  229. LG Chem
  230. Liberty Interactive Corporation
  231. LightSail Energy
  232. Linde Group
  233. Lithiumstart
  234. Lockheed Martin
  235. Loudwater Investment Partners
  236. Magellan Power
  237. Magnum Energy
  238. MaRS Catalyst Fund
  239. Masood Energy
  240. Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER)
  241. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  242. Maxwell Technologies
  243. MDB Capital Group
  244. Meineng Energy
  245. Melco
  246. Metalcraft
  247. Microsoft
  248. Mithril Capital Management
  249. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI)
  250. Mitsui Global Investment
  251. Mizuho Corporate Bank
  252. Morgan Stanley
  253. Motorola Solutions
  254. Munich Venture Partners
  255. National Bank of Abu Dhabi
  256. Natixis
  257. Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
  258. Nazarian Enterprises
  259. NEC Energy Solutions
  260. Nedbank
  261. Nesscap
  262. Nevada Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  263. New Enterprise Associates
  264. New York State Energy Research and Development Authority
  265. Nexeon
  266. Neyrpic
  267. NGK Insulators
  268. NH3 Canada
  269. Nidec
  270. Nidus Partners
  271. Nilar
  272. Nordeutsche Landesbank
  273. Norilsk Nickel
  274. North Bridge Venture Partners
  275. Northern Reliability
  276. Northwater Intellectual Property Fund
  277. Norwegian Research Council
  278. Novatec Solar
  279. Novus
  280. NRG Energy
  281. NSW Department of Environment
  282. Oak Investment Partners
  283. Oceanshore Ventures
  284. OCI
  285. OnPoint
  286. Ontario Ministry of Energy
  287. ORIX Corporation
  288. Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)
  289. Oxis Energy
  290. Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E)
  291. Panasonic
  292. Pangaea Ventures
  293. Pathion
  294. PCG Clean Energy & Technology Fund
  295. Pellion Technologies
  296. Plug Power
  297. Portland Seed Fund
  298. Powerthru
  299. Power-to-Gas Hungary
  300. Powin Energy
  301. Primus Power
  302. Procter & Gamble
  303. Pro-Power
  304. QINOUS
  305. Qualcomm
  306. Quantum Energy Storage
  307. Rand Merchant Bank
  308. Raymond James
  309. RBS Business Capital
  310. Redflow Energy Storage Solutions
  311. RedT Energy Storage
  312. RES Group
  313. Rocky Mountain Power
  314. Rodman & Renshaw
  315. Rongke Power
  316. RWE Supply & Trading
  317. S&C Electric Company
  318. S4 Energy
  319. Saft
  320. Sail Ventures
  321. Samsung
  322. Samsung SDI
  323. Sand Hill Angels
  324. Sandia National Laboratories
  325. Santander
  326. Sasol New Energy
  327. Schneider Electric
  328. Scotia
  329. Second Avenue Partners
  330. Seeo
  331. Sequoia Capital
  332. Shell Technology Ventures
  333. Siemens
  334. Sigma Energy Storage
  335. Silicon Valley Bank
  336. Sirius Venture Partners
  337. Skoda
  338. Smart Future Lab
  339. Société Générale
  340. Solar Age Investments
  341. SolarReserve
  342. Solutronic
  343. Sony Energy
  344. Stag Energy
  345. Starwood Energy Group Global
  346. Statoil Energy Ventures
  347. Stephens
  348. STORNETIC
  349. Sumitomo Electric
  350. Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
  351. Sun Xtender
  352. Sunrise CSP
  353. Superconductor Technologies
  354. SuperPower
  355. SUSI Partners
  356. Sustainable Development Investments (SDI)
  357. SustainX
  358. Swedish Energy Agency
  359. Sycamore Ventures
  360. Sylfen
  361. Tao Invest
  362. TDK Corporation
  363. Technical University of Munich (TUM)
  364. Tekes
  365. TEL Venture Capital
  366. Temporal Power
  367. Teraloop
  368. Terrafore Technologies
  369. Tesla Motors
  370. The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi
  371. The European Investment Bank (EIB)
  372. The P.E.A.C.E. Foundation
  373. The Public Investment Corporation (PIC)
  374. TIAA-CREF
  375. TIP Capital
  376. Torresol Energy
  377. Toshiba
  378. Total Energy Ventures
  379. Total SA
  380. Trinity Capital Investment
  381. TriplePoint Capital
  382. UBI Banca
  383. Ultralife Corporation
  384. UniEnergy Technologies
  385. Union National Bank
  386. United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)
  387. United States Department of Defense
  388. Upfront Ventures
  389. Urban Electric Power
  390. US Department of Energy (US DOE)
  391. US Invest
  392. US Renewables Group
  393. VA TECH
  394. Valor Equity Partners
  395. VantagePoint Capital Partners
  396. Vargas
  397. Venrock Associates
  398. Vermont Seed Capital Fund
  399. Vionx Energy
  400. ViZn Energy Systems
  401. Voith
  402. VRB Power Systems
  403. Warburg-Pincus
  404. WattsUp Power
  405. Wellington Partners
  406. Wells Fargo Bank
  407. WestLB
  408. Wexford Capital
  409. Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati
  410. Woodford Investment Management
  411. Wuhu Fuhai-Haoyan Venture Investment
  412. XALT Energy
  413. XG Sciences
  414. Younicos
  415. Yung's Enterprise
  416. ZAF Energy Systems
  417. ZincNyx Energy Solutions

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