Novo Nordisk Invested EUR 2.1 Billion in a French Manufacturing Site to Meet Growing Demand for Diabetes and Obesity Therapies

In a strategic move to address the escalating demand for its diabetes and obesity therapies, Novo Nordisk, a global healthcare company, has announced a significant investment of EUR 2.1 billion (USD 2.3 billion) in expanding its manufacturing facility in Chartres, France. This capital infusion aligns with Novo Nordisk’s commitment to increasing production capacity for key drugs, including Ozempic for type 2 diabetes and the obesity therapy Wegovy, both based on the GLP-1 agonist semaglutide. The move follows a recent USD 6 billion investment by the company to expand manufacturing capabilities at its primary site in Kalundborg, Denmark.

Expanding Production Capacity

The Chartres facility, which initially received a EUR 130 million investment earlier this year, plays a crucial role in Novo Nordisk’s production of pre-filled injector pens and insulin. With this additional EUR 2.1 billion investment, the company aims to significantly enhance its production capacity, addressing the surging demand for its medicines and potential innovations emerging from its pipeline of drugs for metabolic disorders.

The expansion project is anticipated to create approximately 500 new jobs once completed around 2028, adding to the existing workforce of nearly 2,000 individuals at the Chartres site. Novo Nordisk emphasizes that these strategic investments are vital for meeting the growing demand for their therapies and positioning the company to accommodate future advancements in its drug portfolio.

Diabetes Industry Dynamics and Competitiveness

Novo Nordisk’s substantial investment comes amid a competitive landscape within the pharmaceutical industry, marked by increasing demand for diabetes and obesity therapies. Rival companies, such as Eli Lilly, have also responded to this demand by allocating substantial funds to expand manufacturing capabilities. Eli Lilly’s recent USD 2.5 billion investment in a facility in Germany highlights the industry-wide recognition of the need to scale up production for diabetes therapies, including Mounjaro and Zepbound, both based on the GLP-1/GIP agonist tirzepatide.

National Significance and Government Response Against Diabetes

The French government views Novo Nordisk’s substantial investment as a positive indicator of the nation’s competitiveness in the pharmaceutical sector. The government acknowledges the strategic importance of such investments in bolstering the country’s standing in the global pharmaceutical landscape.

Challenges and Restructuring Strategies

The surge in demand for Novo Nordisk’s Wegovy has presented challenges, including off-label prescribing of Ozempic and limitations in the stable supply of the drugs. To address this, the company has taken measures such as restricting access to lower starting doses of Ozempic in the European Union and the United States. Additionally, production capacity for the older GLP-1 drug Victoza has been redirected to meet the demand for newer therapies. Recent discussions in Germany regarding a potential ban on drug exports aim to ensure the preservation of essential drug supplies.

Financial Performance and Market Potential: Diabetes

In the third-quarter results update, Novo Nordisk reported robust sales growth for Ozempic and Wegovy, with sales reaching USD 9.4 billion and USD 3 billion, respectively, in the first nine months of the year. The remarkable 53% growth in Ozempic sales and a staggering 481% surge in Wegovy sales underscore the significant market demand for these therapies. Experts have projected that the obesity drug market could reach a valuation of up to USD 100 billion by 2030, further emphasizing the immense potential for companies investing in this therapeutic area.


Novo Nordisk’s substantial investment in its Chartres manufacturing site reflects the company’s commitment to addressing the escalating demand for its diabetes and obesity therapies. The strategic move not only aims to bolster production capacity but also positions the company for future innovations emerging from its pipeline of metabolic disorder drugs. As pharmaceutical companies navigate the complexities of a dynamic market, such investments become imperative for meeting global healthcare needs, ensuring drug supply stability, and contributing to national competitiveness in the pharmaceutical sector. Novo Nordisk’s proactive approach in responding to industry dynamics signals a commitment to both addressing immediate challenges and capitalizing on the substantial growth potential in the diabetes and obesity therapy market.